Copyright and usage:


The IMF's general policies on granting permission for the use of our website, photocopying of print publications, copying of digital publications, and the "fair use" of content are outlined here. Due to frequent updates and ongoing modifications, please do not copy publications from the IMF's website for reproduction on your own website. Instead, please create links to items on our website. Except as outlined below, all rights are reserved. Creating links to our website is freely permitted, so long as this is done in a manner that is not misleading, e.g., does not imply endorsement by or affiliation with the IMF. Please inform IMF Webmaster when such links are created. The IMF freely authorizes downloading and/or reprinting files from its website for any noncommercial use. For any commercial use of the content on this website (e.g., repurposing or reprinting content for cash sales), please obtain written permission from the IMF by submitting an online Request for Copyright Permission Form. A PDF version of this form is also available (69kb). For use of non-IMF material, permission must be obtained from the copyright owner. For convenience, permission to photocopy IMF print publications by institutions, educators, and other users may be obtained either from the Copyright Clearance Center (CCC) at or from the IMF by submitting an online Request for Copyright Permission Form. A PDF version of the IMF form is also available (69kb).

For photocopying of IMF publications by all others: single copies may be made by an individual for his/her own private use. For all other purposes, such as i) the distribution of multiple copies to other individuals, ii) copies made for any public or commercial purpose, or iii) if copies will be sold at a cash price to readers, permission should be obtained via one of the contacts listed in the preceding paragraph.

"Fair use" of IMF published content -- that is, the excerption of IMF copyrighted material for such purposes as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, or research, or for use by member country governments, in which the use is for noncommercial purposes -- is freely authorized for up to 2,500 words from any one source, as long as due reference is given to the specific IMF source(s). If you exceed this "fair use" allowance, please request permission via one of the contacts listed above.

Other Terms and Conditions of Usage

Usage of the IMF's website constitutes agreement with the following terms and conditions:

Personal, Noncommercial Usage: The IMF grants permission to visit its website and to download and copy information, documents, and materials from our Site for personal, noncommercial usage only, without any right to resell or redistribute them or to compile or create derivative works, subject to these Terms and Conditions of Usage and also subject to more specific restrictions that may apply to particular information within the Site. See above for the Copyright and Usage policy to find out how to request other permissions from the IMF. Any rights not expressly granted herein are reserved.

Privacy: See the Privacy Policy disclosures relating to the collection and use of personal information.

Disclaimers: The information on our Site is provided "as is" and without warranty of any kind, either expresses or implied, including, without limitation, warranties of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, and noninfringement. The IMF shall not be liable for any losses or damages incurred or suffered in connection with its Site, including, without limitation, any direct, indirect, incidental, special, or consequential damages, even if the IMF has been advised of the possibility of such damages.

Except where expressly stated, the materials on this Site represent views of the authors thereof and are not necessarily those of the IMF, its Executive Board, or its member countries. The IMF does not endorse the accuracy or reliability of any information provided on its Site by third parties, or of any information in third-party web sites and publications that may be linked to our Site or referred to within it.

All postings to forums on the Site become the sole property of the IMF, which reserves the right to modify or remove them. The IMF shall have no obligation to review or screen any postings, but postings to moderated forums may not appear on this Site until after the moderator has approved them. Postings to our Site, whether approved by a moderator or not, are not endorsed by the IMF. Visitors shall use forums on our Site solely for lawful and ethical purposes related to the subject of each particular forum.

This website may include content that has been translated from English or to English. While every effort is made to ensure the accuracy of translations, the version used by the IMF is the English version of the document, as English is the working language of the IMF.

Preservation of Immunities: The IMF, its property, and its assets, are immune from every form of judicial process. Nothing herein shall constitute a waiver of these and other privileges and immunities of the IMF, which are specifically reserved.

General: The IMF reserves the right in its sole discretion, without notice or obligation to take the needs of any user into consideration, to modify or terminate its Site and to deny any user access to its Site or any portion thereof. These Terms of Usage constitute the entire agreement between the parties with respect to the subject matter hereof. No waiver or amendment of these Terms of Usage shall be binding upon the IMF unless in writing and signed by its duly authorized representative. These Terms of Usage will be interpreted in accordance with the laws of the District of Columbia, United States of America.