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Pension Reforms in Japan

Author/Editor: Kenichiro Kashiwase, Masahiro Nozaki, Kiichi Tokuoka.

Release Date: December, 2012

Price: $18.00

This paper analyzes various reform options for Japan’s public pension in light of large fiscal consolidation needs of the country. The most attractive option is to increase the pension eligibility more...



Japan: Staff Report for the 2012 Article IV Consultation

Release Date: August, 2012

Price: $18.00

Intergenerational Implications of Fiscal Consolidation in Japan

Author/Editor: Kiichi Tokuoka.

Release Date: August, 2012

Price: $18.00

In Japan, intergenerational inequality in lifetime resources is substantial, with a heavier fiscal burden on the young than the old. Moreover, given the need for fiscal consolidation, the inequality more...



Successful Austerity in the United States, Europe and Japan

Author/Editor: Nicoletta Batini, Giovanni Callegari, Giovanni Melina.

Release Date: July, 2012

Price: $18.00

The output effects of 2009 fiscal expansions have been hotly debated. But the discussion of fiscal multipliers is even more relevant now that several European countries have had to quickly retract more...



Inflation Dynamics in Mongolia: Understanding the Roller Coaster

Author/Editor: Steven Barnett, Julia Bersch, Yasuhisa Ojima.

Release Date: July, 2012

Price: $18.00

Inflation in Mongolia resembles a roller coaster ride with sharp rises and steep drops. Understanding why is critical for formulating and assessing monetary policy. Food prices are found to be a key more...



Mongolia: Second Post-Program Monitoring Discussions

Release Date: March, 2012

Price: $18.00

Bank of Japan's Quantitative and Credit Easing: Are They Now More Effective

Author/Editor: Pelin Berkmen.

Release Date: January, 2012

Price: $18.00

This paper asks whether the BoJ's recent experience with unconventional monetary easing has been effective in supporting economic activity and inflation. Using a structural VAR model, the paper finds more...



Did Korean Monetary Policy Help Soften the Impact of the Global Financial Crisis of 200809?

Author/Editor: Harun Alp, Selim Elekdag, Subir Lall.

Release Date: January, 2012

Price: $18.00

Korea was one of the Asian economies hardest hit by the global financial crisis. Anticipating the downturn that would follow the episode of extreme financial stress, the Bank of Korea (BOK) let the more...



Managing Non-core Liabilities and Leverage of the Banking System: A Building Block for Macroprudential Policy Making in Korea

Author/Editor: Ali Alichi, Sang Chul Ryoo, Cheol Hong.

Release Date: January, 2012

Price: $18.00

Korea has been active in implementing targeted macroprudential policies to address specific financial stability concerns. In this paper, we develop a conceptual model that could serve as a building more...



Assessing the Risks to the Japanese Government Bond (JGB) Market

Author/Editor: Waikei W. Lam, Kiichi Tokuoka.

Release Date: December, 2011

Price: $18.00

Despite the rise in public debt, Japanese Government Bond (JGB) yields have remained low and stable, supported by steady inflows from the household and corporate sectors, high domestic ownership of more...



Republic of Korea: 2011 Article IV Consultation - Staff Report and Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion

Release Date: August, 2011

Price: $18.00

Japan - 2011 Article IV Consultation - Staff Report; Staff Supplement; Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion

Release Date: July, 2011

Price: $18.00

Mongolia: 2011 Article IV Consultation—Staff Report; Staff Supplement; Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion; and Statement by the Executive Director for Mongolia

Release Date: March, 2011

Price: $9.00

Mongolia: Ex Post Evaluation of Exceptional Access Under the 2009 Stand-By Arrangement

Release Date: March, 2011

Price: $18.00

The Outlook for Financing Japan's Public Debt

Author/Editor: Kiichi Tokuoka.

Release Date: January, 2010

Price: $18.00

Despite the rapid rise in public debt and large fiscal deficits, Japanese Government Bond (JGB) yields have remained fairly stable. Possible factors include: Japan's sizeable pool of household more...



What Drives China's Interbank Market?

Author/Editor: Nathan Porter, TengTeng Xu.

Release Date: September, 2009

Price: $18.00

Interest rates in China comprise a mix of both market determined interest rates (interbank rates and bond yields), and regulated interest rates (lending and deposit rates), reflecting China's gradual more...



Republic of Korea : Selected Issues

Release Date: October, 2007

Price: $18.00

This Selected Issues paper on the Republic of Korea reviews near-term economic prospects and risks. Korea experiences solid growth with low inflation, and vulnerabilities to potential shocks appear more...



Japan : 2007 Article IV Consultation: Staff Report; and Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion.

Release Date: August, 2007

Price: $18.00

This 2007 Article IV Consultation highlights that Japan’s external position remains strong. Boosted by investment income, the current account surplus widened in 2006 to nearly 4 percent of more...



Japan : Selected Issues

Release Date: August, 2007

Price: $18.00

This Selected Issues paper examines the factors behind the recent surge in capital flows in Japan. The paper presents econometric evidence on the influence of these capital flows on the medium-term more...



Mongolia : Staff Report for the 2006 Article IV Consultation

Release Date: January, 2007

Price: $18.00

This 2006 Article IV Consultation highlights that Mongolia’s macroeconomic performance in 2005–06 has been robust, underpinned by a run-up on copper and gold prices, declining inflation, more...



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