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Pension Reforms in Japan

Author/Editor: Kenichiro Kashiwase, Masahiro Nozaki, Kiichi Tokuoka.

Release Date: December, 2012

Price: $18.00

This paper analyzes various reform options for Japan’s public pension in light of large fiscal consolidation needs of the country. The most attractive option is to increase the pension eligibility more...



Japan: Staff Report for the 2012 Article IV Consultation

Release Date: August, 2012

Price: $18.00

Intergenerational Implications of Fiscal Consolidation in Japan

Author/Editor: Kiichi Tokuoka.

Release Date: August, 2012

Price: $18.00

In Japan, intergenerational inequality in lifetime resources is substantial, with a heavier fiscal burden on the young than the old. Moreover, given the need for fiscal consolidation, the inequality more...



Successful Austerity in the United States, Europe and Japan

Author/Editor: Nicoletta Batini, Giovanni Callegari, Giovanni Melina.

Release Date: July, 2012

Price: $18.00

The output effects of 2009 fiscal expansions have been hotly debated. But the discussion of fiscal multipliers is even more relevant now that several European countries have had to quickly retract more...



Bank of Japan's Quantitative and Credit Easing: Are They Now More Effective

Author/Editor: Pelin Berkmen.

Release Date: January, 2012

Price: $18.00

This paper asks whether the BoJ's recent experience with unconventional monetary easing has been effective in supporting economic activity and inflation. Using a structural VAR model, the paper finds more...



Assessing the Risks to the Japanese Government Bond (JGB) Market

Author/Editor: Waikei W. Lam, Kiichi Tokuoka.

Release Date: December, 2011

Price: $18.00

Despite the rise in public debt, Japanese Government Bond (JGB) yields have remained low and stable, supported by steady inflows from the household and corporate sectors, high domestic ownership of more...



Japan - 2011 Article IV Consultation - Staff Report; Staff Supplement; Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion

Release Date: July, 2011

Price: $18.00

The Outlook for Financing Japan's Public Debt

Author/Editor: Kiichi Tokuoka.

Release Date: January, 2010

Price: $18.00

Despite the rapid rise in public debt and large fiscal deficits, Japanese Government Bond (JGB) yields have remained fairly stable. Possible factors include: Japan's sizeable pool of household more...



Japan : 2007 Article IV Consultation: Staff Report; and Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion.

Release Date: August, 2007

Price: $18.00

This 2007 Article IV Consultation highlights that Japan’s external position remains strong. Boosted by investment income, the current account surplus widened in 2006 to nearly 4 percent of more...



Japan : Selected Issues

Release Date: August, 2007

Price: $18.00

This Selected Issues paper examines the factors behind the recent surge in capital flows in Japan. The paper presents econometric evidence on the influence of these capital flows on the medium-term more...



Tackling Japan's Fiscal Challenges

Author/Editor: Keimeir Kaizuka, Anne O. Krueger.

Release Date: July, 2006

Price: $90.00

This volume examines how Japan should cope with its daunting fiscal challenges. As the Japanese economy finally emerges from a long period of weak growth and falling prices burdened by record-high more...