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Multinational Affiliates and Local Financial Markets

Author/Editor: Selin Sayek, Alexander Lehmann, Hyoung Goo Kang.

Release Date:June, 2004

We use data on the sources of debt finance of U.S. majority-owned foreign affiliates in 53 countries over the period 1983 to 2001 to examine the role of financial market development, and exposure to more...



Price: $15.00
International Dividend Repatriations

Author/Editor: Alexander Lehmann, Ashoka Mody.

Release Date:January, 2004

Income earned by the branches and subsidiaries of multinational firms can be either reinvested in the host country or repatriated as dividends to the firms' headquarters. Despite the rapid growth of more...



Price: $15.00
International Trade in Services : Implications for the Fund

Author/Editor: Natalia T Tamirisa, Alexander Lehmann, Jaroslaw Wieczorek.

Release Date:December, 2003

This paper reviews the characteristics of international trade in services and of the World Trade Organization’s General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS) framework, which was more...



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Financial Integration in Central America : Prospects and Adjustment Needs

Author/Editor: Jorge Iván Canales Kriljenko, Padamja Khandelwal, Alexander Lehmann.

Release Date:October, 2003

We assess the current barriers to trade in financial services in the six Central American countries seeking a free trade agreement with the United States (the CAFTA) and examine the relative merits more...



Price: $15.00
Foreign Direct Investment in Emerging Markets : Income, Repatriations and Financial Vulnerabillities

Author/Editor: Alexander Lehmann.

Release Date:March, 2002

Based on U.S. data, the returns on foreign direct investment in emerging markets are shown to be substantially higher than would be suggested by official balance of payments statistics. This paper more...



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Country Risks and the Investment Activity of U.S. Multinationals in Developing Countries

Author/Editor: Alexander Lehmann.

Release Date:October, 1999

This paper develops a simple real options model that demonstrates the role of country-specific risk and sunk costs in determining a multinational’s choice between exports and foreign more...



Price: $15.00