Intergenerational Implications of Fiscal Consolidation in Japan

WPIEA2012197 Image
Price:  $18.00

Author/Editor: Kiichi Tokuoka
Release Date: © August, 2012
ISBN : 978-1-47550-547-4
Stock #: WPIEA2012197
Stock Status: On back-order

Languages and formats available



In Japan, intergenerational inequality in lifetime resources is substantial, with a heavier fiscal burden on the young than the old. Moreover, given the need for fiscal consolidation, the inequality is even worse than existing policy would suggest. However, this does not mean that fiscal consolidation would make the young worse off. Lack of fiscal consolidation would eventually increase interest rates, which would reduce output and hit young generations harder. Simulations using an overlapping generations model indicate that, from the perspective of intergenerational fairness, it would be desirable to include both social security spending reforms and revenue measures in a fiscal consolidation package. The simulations also show that delaying fiscal consolidation could be costly and worsen intergenerational resource inequality.


Economic policy , Fiscal policy , Population , Social policy , Social security

More publications in this series: Working Papers

More publications by: Kiichi Tokuoka